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Tomato Pests

Pests of National Significance

Insect and mite pests

  • Gram pod borer: Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Orissa, West Bengal, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Tobacco caterpillar: Spodoptera litura Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (Orissa, Karnataka, other states)
  • Whitefly: Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) (Madhya Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Serpentine leaf miner: Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) (Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Thrips: Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Frankliniella schultzei (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
  • Spider mite: Tetranychus spp. (Acarina: Tetranychidae) (Punjab, South India).

Diseases

  • Damping off: Pythium aphanidermatum (Edson) Fitzp. (Assam, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, other states)
  • Tomato leaf curl virus: Tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) (Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Orissa, West Bengal, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, North India, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, South India)
  • Early blight: Alternaria solani (Ell. & Mart.). A. alternate, (Fr.) Keissl. A. alternate f.sp. lycopersici Grogan et al. (Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Late blight: Phytopthora infestans. (Mont.) de Bary. (Orissa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Bacterial wilt: Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al. (Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Orissa, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka).
  • Fusarium wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) W.C. Snyder and H.N. Hans. (Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Delhi, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Bacterial stem and fruit canker: Clavibacter michiganensis sub sp. michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al. (Maharashtra, other states)
  • Tomato mosaic disease: Tomato Mosaic Virus
  • Bacterial fruits and leaf spots: Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (Doidge) Dye (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, other states)
  • Tomato spotted wilt disease: Peanut bud Necrosis Virus (PbNV) TSWV group (Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)

Nematodes

  • Root-knot nematode: Meloidogyne spp. (Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
  • Reniform nematode: Rotylenchulus reniformis (Linford & Oliveira) (Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu)

Rodents

  • Lesser bandicoot: Bandicota bengalensis (Gray) (throughout India)
  • Palm rat/house rat: Rattus rattus (Linnaeus) (throughout India)
  • Indian gerbil: Tatera indica (throughout India)

Weeds

Major Kharif weeds
Broadleaf weeds
  • Pigweed: Amaranthus viridis Hook. F. (Amaranthaceae)
  • Swine cress: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. (Brassicaceae)
  • Black nightshade: Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
  • Common purselane: Portulaca oleracea L. (Portualacaceae)
  • False amaranth: Digera arvensis Forssk. (Amaranthaceae)
Grassy weeds
  • Rabbit/Crow foot grass: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Beauv. (Poaceae)
  • Crabgrass: Digiteria sanguinalis (L.) Willd. (Poaceae)
  • Barnyard grass: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Scop. (Poaceae)
Sedges
  • Purple nutsedge: Cyperus rotundus L. (Cypraceae)
  • Flat sedge: Cyperus iria L. (Cypraceae)
Major Rabi weeds
Broadleaf weeds
  • Lamb’s quarter: Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae)
  • Scarlet Pimpernel: Anagallis arvensis L. (Primulaceae)
  • Sweet clover: Melilotus indica (L.) All. (Fabaceae)
  • Fine leaf fumitory: Fumaria parviflora Lam. (Fumariaceae)
  • Corn spurry: Spergula arvensis L. (Caryophylliaceae)
Grassy weeds
  • Blue grass: Poa annua L. (Poaceae)
  • Canary grass: Phalaris minor Retz. (Poaceae)

Pests of Regional Significance

Insect pests

  • Leafhopper: Amrasca biguttula biguttula Ishida (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) (Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu)
  • Cut worm: Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) (Jammu & Kashmir)

Aphids

  • Myzus persicae (Sulzar) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Bihar, Rajasthan, Karnataka)
  • Aphis gossypii (Glover) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (West Bengal, Punjab)
  • Aphis fabae Scopoli (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Rajasthan)
  • Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Mealybugs: Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) (Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Punjab)

Diseases

  • Buck eye rot: Phytophthora nicontianae var. parasitica (Dastur) Waterhouse (Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka)
  • Powdery mildew: Leveillula taurica (Lev.) Arnaud. (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh)

IPM for Tomato

To know the IPM practices for Tomato, click here.

Source: NIPHM,  and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



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