It is not a good practice to allow chickens, ducks and other birds to freely wander around the community to feed and drink whatever they can find. Providing shelter, food and clean water to these birds will result in more meat and eggs.
Birds can easily become sick and some diseases kill many birds. Veterinary advice on vaccinations to stop diseases is essential.
Many communities keep birds to provide meat and eggs for feasts, weddings and other social activities. Sometimes birds are sold for the extra money needed for urgent medicines or food. Many people in the community may keep birds but with limited good results. This can be because:
Because of the way they are kept most of the young die and very few birds reach the age of one year. The birds that do survive are small and produce little meat. Many birds must be killed to provide sufficient amounts of meat and little money is obtained by selling them.
You can improve the amount of meat and eggs you get from birds by:
You should try to find out which breeds are available and try to obtain birds which are bigger, produce more meat, and which lay more eggs. You should encourage the community to start to keep these birds or at least to use some to improve the birds they have. There are several ways of introducing better quality birds into the community's flocks:
Chicken eggs will stay fresh longer than the eggs of a duck. Eggs should be kept in a cool place. If placed in a fridge the chicken eggs will stay fresh for 3 weeks while those of the duck must be used within 10 days.
Source : Pashu Sakhi Handbook