T17 2019/07/16 18:16:13.942672 GMT+0530
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Sugarcane: Natural Enemies

Natural enemies of Sugarcane insect pests are covered here

Natural Enemies of Sugarcane Insect Pests

Parasitoids

Parasitoids-Sugarcane

Predators

Flowering plants that attract natural enemies/repel pests

Natural enemies Attractant/repellent/trap plants
Borers:
Parasitoids:
Trichogramma chilonis, Tetrastichus spp., Chelonus spp.,
Telenomus spp. (egg), Sturmiopsis infarens, Isotima
javensis, Stenobracon nicevelli, Cotesia flavipes (larval).
Predators:
Chrysoperla zastrowi sillemi, coccinellids,
King crow, dragon fly, spider, robber fly, reduviid bug,
praying mantis Ovomermis albicans, a nematode
• Growing intercrops such as cowpea, onion, garlic,
coriander, urdbean.
Repellant plants: Basil
Attractant plants: Carrot family, sunflower family,
buckwheat, alfalfa, corn, shrubs (minute pirate bug and
lacewing)
• Nectar rich plants with small flowers i.e. anise, caraway,
dill, parsley, mustard, sunfl ower, buckwheat and cowpea
(Braconid wasp)
Whitefly:
Parasitoids: Encarsia sp, Eretmocerus spp., Dicyphus
hesperus, Chrysocharis sp (nymphal and pupal)
Predators : Spiders, coccinellids and lacewings
Repellant plants: Peppermint
Attractant plants: French bean (predatory thrips)
• Plant tall border crops like maize, sorghum or pearl millet
to reduce whitefly infestations.
• Yellow sticky traps or cards to monitor the activity of
whiteflies
Sugarcane woolly aphid:
Parasitoids: Encarsia flavoscutellum, Diaeretiella rapae
(nymphal and adult)
Predators: Dipha aphidivora, Micromus igorotus,
Syrphid fly
Entomopathogenic fungi : Acremonium zeylanicum,
Cephalosporium spp., Entomophthora and Verticillium
lecanii
Attractant plants: Buckwheat, alfalfa, corn, shrubs
(minute pirate bug & lacewing)
• Sunflower family, marigold, buckwheat.
Mites:
Predators: Predatory mites, predatory beetles such
as small staphilinids (Oligota spp.), and lacewings,
predatory thrips, anthocorid bugs (Orius spp.), mirid
bugs, and predatory flies such as hover flies.
Entomo pathogenic fungi: Beauveria sp.
Attractant plants: Carrot family, (spider mite destroyer)
• Carrot family, sunflower family, buckwheat, alfalfa, corn,
shrubs (minute pirate bug)
• Mustard, sweet clove, dill (aphid midge)
• French bean (predatory mites)
• Berseem clover and common knotweed (big –eyed bugs)
Black bug:
Parasitoid: Tachinid fly
Predator: Geocorid spp. (big eyed bugs)
• Carrot family, dill, sweet clover, Amaranth, Trifolium,
knotweed.
Mealybug:
Parasitic wasps, hover flies, coccinellid (Cryptolaemus
montrouzieri)
Attractant plants: Coriander, attract wasps.
White grub:
Parasitoid: Parasitic wasp (Tiphia spp.)
Entomopathogenic nematode.
Entomopathogenic fungi – Metarhizium, Beauvaria
Predators: Ground beetle, ants, wasps.
Repellent crop: Garlic
A. Resistant/tolerant varieties
Pest Tolerant/ resistant Varieties
Shoot borer (Chilo infuscatellus) CO 312, CO 421, CO 661, CO 917 and CO 853
Stem or internode borer CO 975, CO 7304 and COJ 46
Top shoot borer CO 419, CO 745, CO 6516, CO 859, CO1158 and CO 7224
Smut Co 8371, Co 85004, Co 86032, Co 86249, Co 87025, Co 87044, Co 87263, Co 87268, Co 91010, CoM 88121, Co Pant,
Red rot BO 128, Co 89029, CoH 2201, CoSe 92423, CoSe 95422
*For detailed information and further updates nearest KVK, SAU / ICAR Institute may be contacted

IPM for Sugarcane

To know the IPM practices for Sugarcane, click here.

Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage

3.04285714286
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