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Encouraging Women Entrepreneurship- Current Policies and Programmes

A large number of programmes has been undertaken by different Ministries of GOI for encouraging entrepreneurship in the county wherein care has been taken to ensure adequate participation and share of Women, by way of special provisions and added incentives for them.

Start up India Programme

Start up India Programme was launched in February 2016 and over the period it had become the 3rd largest start-up ecosystem in the world ,providing handholding, funding support, incentives, industry –academic partnership to provide conducive environment for start ups in the Country. A corpus fund of 10,000 crores has been earmarked for the programme to build a strong ecosystem by nurturing innovation and start-ups. 10% of the corpus fund is reserved for women led start-ups. This would act as catalyst in creating an enabling environment for innovations start-ups to flourish, having a multiple effect on employment generation and social transformation leading to growth.

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Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) 

Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) Employment Generation Programme. the scheme being implemented by Khadi and Village Industries Commission as the nodal agency through KVIC Directorates, State Khadi and Village industries Board (KVIBs), District Industries Centres and Banks. It is credit linked subsidy scheme to promote and set up MSME’S and to generate employment in rural and urban areas. For setting up new enterprises, subsidy level in the Programme to special categories, including women, is 25% and 35% in urban areas and rural areas, as compared to 15% and 25% in respective areas for General Category

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Udyam Sakhi

Ministry of MSME launched Udyam Sakhi, a network for nurturing social entrepreneurship creating business models revolving around low-cost products and services to resolve social inequities. 

Udhyam Shakti Portal for Women Entrepreneurs

An initiative of Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, launched on the eve of International Women’s day 2018, for nurturing social entrepreneurship creating business model, revolving around low cost products and services. It caters to the need of around 8 million Indian women and others to start, built and grow business and provide assistance for preparing business plan, incubation facility, training programs, providing mentor, market survey facility etc. Project with maximum cost of Rs.25 lakhs are covered under the Scheme (Rs.10 lakhs cost is for service based projects). The portal has been incessantly involved in revolutionizing the role of women outside the four walls of their home.

Economic empowerment of Women Enterprises and Start-up by women 

It is an initiative of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurs and provide incubation and accelerating program for women micro entrepreneurs to start new business and scale up existing enterprises. At present, the project is in operation in the States of Assam, Rajasthan and Telangana.

Stand up India Scheme

As part of MSME Policy, the Program was launched in 5th April 2016 for facilitating credit to women entrepreneurs with an objective of providing loans ranging from Rs.1 lakhs to Rs.1 Crore to at least one woman entrepreneur by one Bank each. . In case of non-individual enterprise covered under the Scheme, 51 per cent of the share capital and controlling stake should be that of the women. The scheme focus on only SC/ST and women entrepreneurs.

Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE)

Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) and Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises launched the scheme to make available collateral-free credit to the micro and small enterprise sector. Both the existing and the new enterprises are eligible to be covered under the scheme. for which a Trust named Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) to implement the Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises has been established to provide credit facilities up to Rs 200 lakh per eligible borrower covered provided they are extended on the project viability without collateral security or third party guarantee. The extent of guarantee cover is 80% for Micro and Small Enterprises being operatedand/or owned by Women; for credit facilities upto Rs 50 lakh. In case of default, Trust settles the claim up to 75% of the amount in default of the credit facility extended by the lending institution for credit facilities upto Rs 200 lakh.

Micro & Small Enterprises - Cluster Development Programme

The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Government of India (GOI) has adopted the Cluster Development approach as a key strategy for enhancing the productivity and competitiveness as well as capacity building of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) and their collectives in the country. A cluster is a group of enterprises located within an identifiable and as far as practicable, contiguous area or a value chain that goes beyond a geographical area and producing same/similar products/complementary products/services, which can be linked together by common physical infrastructure facilities that help address their common challenges. The objective of the scheme is to support the sustainability and growth of MSEs by addressing common issues such as improvement of technology, skills & quality, market access, etc, capacity building through formation of self help groups, consortia, set up Common Facility Centres (for testing, training, raw material depot, effluent treatment, complementing production processes, etc) Women Owned enterprises are given special consideration in all the programmes.

Mudra Yojana Scheme for Women

This scheme has been launched by the Govt. of India for individual women wanting to start small new enterprise and businesses like beauty parlous, tailoring units, tuition centers, etc as well as group of women wanting to start a venture together. The loan doesn’t require any collateral security and can be availed for an amount upto 50,000 to 10 Lakhs.

Exhibition for Women under promotional package for Micro and Small Enterprises under marketing support

For encouraging women entrepreneurs’ to take part in International Exhibitions certain provisions like free space in Exhibitions, economy class air fare for one women representative and shipping cost up to Rs 1500 is reimbursed.

Financing Schemes offered by Banks

A large number of banks have schemes to support entrepreneurship among women by providing certain concessions in the rate of interest, collateral security etc. Some of these schemes are listed below :

  1. Shri Shakti Package for Women Entrepreneurs : SBI run scheme offering concessions to women with majority ownership over 50% in a business provides interest concession 0.05% on loans exceeding Rs 2 lakhs with no security for loan upto Rs 5 lakhs.
  2. Cent Kalyan Scheme : Central Bank of India scheme for new entrepreneurs and selfemployed women for macro/small enterprises. Loan upto Rs 1 crore without any collateral security.
  3. Mahila Udyam Nidhi Scheme : Offered by Punjab National Bank and SIDBI to support women enterprises to set up new small scale ventures extending loan upto Rs 10 lakhs to be repaid in 10 years. Similar support to women enterprises is being offered and loan even upto Rs1 Crore , without any collateral security to women entrepreneur. To name a few, Oriental Mahila Vikas Yojana Scheme by Oriental Bank of Commerce, Bhartiya Mahila Bank Business Loan, Dena Shakti Scheme by Dena Bank, Udyogini Scheme by Punjab and Sindh Bank etc. 

Source : National Commission for Women

Last Modified : 8/1/2022



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